Does the Qur’ān misunderstand the Trinity? [Analysis of Sūrat al-ikhlāṣ]

Blogging Theology

Christian missionaries often make bold claims that Qur’ān have a misconstrued and erroneous notion of what Christians believed about their theology as though it reject of the fatherhood of God the Father and the sonship of “god” the Son is strictly speaking a rejection of fatherhood and sonship in a biological sense (belief which Christianity would also reject). They accuse God of the Qur’ān, does not know exactly what Christians believed and not be able to communicate it accurately, or does it?

Let us focus on Sūrat al-ikhlāṣ (112) “the pure belief”, one of the core texts of the Qur’ān, and compare it side by side with the Nicene Creed:

Nicano-Constantinopolitanum (381 AD)Qur’ān, Sūrat Al-ikhlāṣ (S 112 )
We believe in one God, – Πιστεύομεν εἰς ἕνα ΘεὸνSay: He is God, One – قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ
the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of…

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8 thoughts on “Does the Qur’ān misunderstand the Trinity? [Analysis of Sūrat al-ikhlāṣ]

      1. stewjo004

        stewjo004
        Also while you’re getting that scholarship we both agree Psalm 2 is/probably Messianinc correct?

        Ken Temple
        If you agree that Psalm 2 is Messianic, then you can see why the Jewish leadership asked Jesus the questions that they did at His trial.

        The understood “the Messiah” is also “the Son of God”

        Mark 14:60-64
        Matthew 26:61-68

        John 19:1-7 also agrees, as does Luke chapters 22-24.

        These are historical words and God-breathed words…

        stewjo004
        @ Ken

        Okay so you got your claims about the Quran from nowhere glad you admit it (and ironically show your own ignorance)

        Anyways, since we agree Psalm 2 is/possibly Messianic you are now refuted on the Trinity and being called the “Son of God” is blasphemy in Judaism. Let’s read:

        I will proclaim the LORD’s decree: He said to me, “You are my son; TODAY I have become your father. (Psalm 2:7)

        That means there was a point, “today” that he became the “son” meaning he wasn’t always. Furthermore, David is the one speaking and he is declaring himself the “son” yet nobody thinks that’s blasphemy. Let’s read:

        “Psalm 2:7 has to do with the Davidic king. At a time when the Gentile kingdoms in the Davidic empire seek to throw off Israelite rule, this psalm recalls the promises made to the Davidic king at his coronation and notes that the Gentiles will find lasting joy only as subjects of this king.

        The coronation oracle had declared the newly crowned king to be God’s “Son”; this recalls 2 Samuel 7:14, where God promises to David concerning Solomon, and then each new king in the line of David: “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son.” This is talking about more than just the close relationship God will have with the king. The people as a whole are called the “son of God” (see Ex. 4:22–23; Hos. 11:1; Ps. 80:15), and the king is called the “son of God” because he represents and embodies the people (see also Ps. 89:27, with “firstborn”)….The “Son of God” in Psalm 2 is first and foremost a Davidic title—and that is good news, because it means he comes as our King to fulfill all that God said he would do through the heir of David.”

        https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/the-son-of-god-is-the-son-of-david/

        So all the title means is I’m an heir to David(as) basically. (Also funny enough on theology you are basically saying David(as) is God’s father (authobillah). Just a circle jerk of shirk.

        Liked by 1 person

  1. Vaqas Rehman

    You know I’ve always felt there’s an interesting verse of the Quran that doesn’t get brought up enough in these discussions. 5 : 72

    “Those who say, ‘God is the Messiah, son of Mary,’ have defied God. The Messiah himself said, ‘Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord.’ If anyone associates others with God, God will forbid him from the Garden, and Hell will be his home. No one will help such evildoers.”

    If the understanding of the Quran is that Jesus(a.s) is considered by Christians just the son of God in the literal biological sense and he and Mary(a.s) are worshiped as gods due to that then why the statement “Those who say God is the Messiah, son of Mary”?

    Also for the record the idea that Jesus(a.s) had “divine dna” still exists today. While the people I’ve seen say that obviously reject the idea that God had intercourse with Mary(a.s) they still say God is his father in that sense as well. Ironically most of the people that have said this are some form of unitarian.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. stewjo004

      @ Vaqas

      That’s an interesting point. The problem is they just make things up (pretty sure James White is the one who started the “Quran thinks Mary is part of the trinity” spill) I would also bring the verse:

      The Jews and the Christians say: “We’re all God’s children and He loves us…” (5:18)

      So the Quran clearly understands they use the “children” thing metaphorically.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Vaqas Rehman

        @Stew

        Oh to be sure the Quran fully understands metaphorical sonship and rejects other modes of sonship as well(adoption, literal, etc.)

        I just thought it was interesting that if what Christians like James white and others say is true that the Quran thinks Christians believe Jesus(a.s) is only divine and holds the title the son of God in a literal sense then why quote people who say God IS the messiah?

        Like

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